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AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CHALLENGES OF EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF REVENUE AVAILABLE TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LEADERSHIP IN CAMEROON( A CASE STUDY OF BAFOUSSAM LGA)

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AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CHALLENGES OF EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF REVENUE AVAILABLE TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LEADERSHIP IN CAMEROON( A CASE STUDY OF BAFOUSSAM LGA)

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

According to Tchindjang & Nanfosso, (2018) local governments have a vital role in the socio-economic growth and well-being of communities via the provision of critical services and infrastructure. However, their efficacy relies on the efficient use of available income resources. The difficulties related to the efficient utilisation of money by local government leadership have been a topic of academic investigation and policy discussion owing to their extensive impact on governance, service provision, and public well-being. Various elements, including as fiscal policies, governance structures, political dynamics, and socio-economic situations, impact the distribution and utilisation of income at the local government level. Smith (2018) argues that the purpose of decentralising fiscal power to local governments is to improve efficiency, accountability, and responsiveness to local demands. Nevertheless, this decentralisation also presents difficulties with the creation, distribution, and administration of income and spending. Local government officials, such as mayors, councillors, and administrators, have a crucial responsibility in efficiently managing and distributing income resources. Their judgements and actions have a significant influence on the delivery of vital services such as education, healthcare, transportation, and sanitation, as well as the development of infrastructure and community welfare programmes. Nevertheless, local government officials often encounter a range of obstacles that limit their capacity to effectively maximise the use of money. A major obstacle is the constrained income sources accessible to local administrations, especially in poor nations where fiscal decentralisation may not be matched by sufficient financial means (Mubenga & Yinda, 2019). This limitation hinders the ability of local authorities to effectively address urgent socio-economic problems and priorities within their domains. Moreover, the intricacy of income distribution systems, such as inter-governmental transfers, grants, and local taxes, presents difficulties for efficient planning and budgeting by local government leadership (Shah, 2020). Furthermore, the distribution and utilisation of tax resources may be influenced by several factors such as party interests, patronage networks, and power conflicts that occur at the local level (Blöchliger & Petzold, 2019). These processes may result in inefficient allocation of resources, bias, and corruption, which undermine the efficacy and legitimacy of leadership in local government. Moreover, the absence of transparency, accountability, and public engagement in the budgeting process might hinder endeavours to guarantee the effective utilisation of money by local government officials (Bauhr & Grimes, 2017). In the absence of strong accountability measures and public scrutiny, there is a potential for mismanagement, inefficiency, and misappropriation of public monies.To effectively address the issues of utilising income by local government leadership, it is necessary to have a thorough awareness of the underlying reasons, dynamics, and best practices.Therefore, the study investigate the challenges of effective utilization of revenue available to local governments leadership in Cameroon( A case study of Bafoussam LGA).

Statement of the problem

The efficient allocation of funds at the disposal of local government leadership is a crucial factor in determining the success of governance, service provision, and community development. Nevertheless, despite the importance of this matter, there are ongoing obstacles that impede the efficient distribution and utilisation of financial resources at the local level. The constrained income sources accessible to local governments provide a notable obstacle to the efficient allocation of resources (Ngwa & Ebai, 2021). The limited financial resources hinder the ability of local government officials to effectively meet the many and urgent needs of their communities, such as developing infrastructure, providing social services, and implementing poverty alleviation programmes. Furthermore, the intricate nature of income distribution systems, which include inter-governmental transfers, grants, and municipal taxes, presents an additional level of difficulty (Jonga & Ntui, 2020). The complex structure of these procedures might hinder openness, accountability, and efficiency in the distribution of financial resources by local government leadership. Furthermore, the distribution and utilisation of income resources are influenced by political dynamics at the local level, which are characterised by party interests, patronage networks, and power conflicts (Blöchliger & Petzold, 2019). These factors may lead to inefficient distribution of resources, bias, and corruption, which weaken the efficacy and credibility of local government leadership(Mubenga & Yinda, 2019). 

In addition, the situation is worsened by the absence of openness, accountability, and public engagement in the budgeting process (Bauhr & Grimes, 2017). In the absence of substantial public scrutiny, there is an increased likelihood of local government officials engaging in mismanagement, squandering resources, and committing theft using public monies. Moreover, there is a scarcity of extensive empirical study and comparative analysis of the difficulties encountered by local government leadership in using income. Current research often lacks specificity and does not provide practical insights and policy suggestions to successfully tackle these difficulties. Hence, the study  investigate the challenges of effective utilization of revenue available to local governments leadership in Cameroon ( A case study of Bafoussam LGA).

1.3 Objective of the study

The broad objective of the study is to investigate the challenges of effective utilization of revenue available to local governments leadership in Cameroon( A case study of Bafoussam LGA). The specific objectives is as follows

Examine the role of local government leadership in managing and allocating revenue effectively.

Investigate the mechanisms put in place to checkmate local government leaders regarding revenue management.

Identify the challenges faced by local government leaders in optimizing the utilization of available revenue.

Identify strategies aimed at enhancing the effective utilization of revenue by local government leaders.

1.4 Research questions

The following questions have been prepared for the following

What is the role of local government leadership in managing and allocating revenue effectively?

Is there a mechanisms to checkmate local government leaders regarding revenue management?

What are the challenges faced by local government leaders in optimizing the utilization of available revenue?

What are the strategies aimed at enhancing the effective utilization of revenue by local government leaders?

1.5 Significance of the study

The findings of the study would primarily help the Bafoussam municipal administration by providing them with insights into prospective internal income generation possibilities. Furthermore, the findings of the research will assist the municipality in enhancing its financial foundations by addressing specific obstacles that hinder the effective utilization of money within the council. 

Furthermore, it would be advantageous for the residents of Bafoussam municipal to collaborate with local council officials in order to facilitate the establishment of a robust local government by immediately fulfilling their tax and rate obligations.

This research will be significant to the academic community as it will add to library resources and act as a guide to future researcher who might want to  explore similar topic. 

1.6 Scope of the study

The study focuses on the challenges of effective utilization of revenue available to local governments leadership in Cameroon (A case study of Bafoussam LGA). Empirically, the study will investigate examine the role of local government leadership in managing and allocating revenue effectively, investigate the mechanisms put in place to checkmate local government leaders regarding revenue management, identify the challenges faced by local government leaders in optimizing the utilization of available revenue and identify strategies aimed at enhancing the effective utilization of revenue by local government leaders.

Geographically, the study is delimited to Bafoussam LGA, Cameroon.

1.7 Limitation of the study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, and interview), which is why the researcher resorted to a moderate choice of sample size. More so, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

1.8 Definition of terms

Local Government: A level of government that oversees administration and governance at a local or municipal level. In Cameroon, local governments manage local affairs and services, such as infrastructure, education, and healthcare, within their jurisdiction.

Revenue Utilization: The process by which funds collected through taxes, fees, grants, or other sources of income are allocated, managed, and spent by a government entity to fulfill its obligations and responsibilities.

Effective Utilization: The efficient and judicious use of resources (in this case, revenue) to achieve desired outcomes and goals.

Leadership: The individuals or groups responsible for overseeing the operations and decision-making processes of the local government. 


This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research



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  • Methodology: Yes available


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